The risk of contracting viral diseases, also known as arboviruses, adds consequences for the elderly, both due to the reduction of some physiological functions associated with the aging process (eg, healing, cough reflex), and for lifestyle and environmental issues . Furthermore, the immune system tends to be compromised, which increases the susceptibility to infections.
Among adults infested with the Dengue virus, the elderly are more likely to need hospitalization and to acquire serious forms of infection - the "dengue hemorrhagic fever" -, with the highest number of deaths being registered, together with the child population.
Recently, new arboviruses such as Zika and Chikungunya have increased their negative impact on the health landscape.
The incubation period, that is, the period between the insect bite and the onset of symptoms, lasts an average of 4 to 7 days. Fever is a common symptom of the three diseases mentioned.
Dengue hemorrhagic complications can be aggravated by the use of medications for patients with high cardiovascular risk - widely prescribed in the geriatric age group.
The persistence of symptoms of the Chikungunya virus (e.g., severe pain in the joints) is high in the population over the age of 65, theorized that this is due to the frequent progressive chronic musculoskeletal problems in the age group.
Finally, the main Zika-derived complication for the adult population is Guillaim Barré Syndrome, which denotes generalized and gradual muscle weakness, which can progress to respiratory failure and can be fatal, but reversible if the person obtains clinical support.
We have some general recommendations for the elderly:
Application of repellants, both outdoors (skin and textile repellants in combination) and indoors (textile repellants);
Keep windows closed or use mosquito nets;
Wearing clothes that cover most of the body (long sleeves and long pants);
Hydration is essential, as well as a balanced diet;
Increased vigilance around alarming symptoms (e.g., reduced urinary volume, mental confusion, difficulty breathing, bleeding, syncope, emesis) that do not cease with the recommended medication intake.
The application of Anti-Insect Spray on clothes and bed guards of bedridden or physically debilitated patients is a solution for the prevention of insect bites in one of the most fragile layers of the population. It can also be applied to curtains, sofas and all types of textiles in nursing homes or nursing homes to comply with existing legislation for pest and insect control.
The Cutaneous Repellent allows an effective topical application in these cases, for a prolonged duration of action (up to 8 hours against mosquitoes and up to 12 hours against ticks).
It is essential to make sure that the chosen product is suitable for the elderly. If you have any doubts about which product to use, do not hesitate to consult your doctor.